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Classic indian head test pattern
NET Slate: At Issue "Hiroshima"
Same slate but with countdown
NET animated graphics (National Educational Television network)
Show opens. Modern Day Hiroshima in 1965. Stadium lights shining bright, baseball game in progress, Hiroshima baseball team playing, baseball cheerleaders in stadium, Asian audience watching game from bleachers.
Backstage, members of a Japanese orchestra warming up, man playing oboe, woman warming up on violin, var other orchestra members practicing.
Japanese language neon signs against dark nighttime sky, similar to Las Vegas.
Shots of Hiroshima City today (1965), tall buildings, high rise buildings under construction, cranes, men at work outdoors rebuilding, sounds of drills and construction, cars on assembly line, factories with folk hard at work on machinery.
WS Var people out and about enjoying Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima, people walking about, pushing baby carriages, kids playing ball, people posing in front of beautiful fountains.
Flash back 20 years ago post Atomic Bomb, disturbing images of the destruction of same park, and what was once a beautiful building along the Ota River demolished.
At Issue show opener, show graphics and title of show "Hiroshima" overlay atom bomb destroyed buildings along Ota River.
Aerial pan a completely rebuilt Hiroshima 20 years after atomic bomb, no visible scars from the blast are seen.
Profiles of various survivors of the bomb. Rihei Numata, a Hiroshima newspaper reporter at the time of the explosion, now a tour guide. Shots of Numata assisting people getting on tour bus
Father William Kleinshorg(sp?), German Jesuit Priest who has lived in Hiroshima area for 30 years and who still suffers from radiation sickness. Pan down on Father Kleinshorg's recently completed Catholic church. Pan across architectural detail on building.
Reverand Kiyoshi Tanimoto, Methodist minister, who was one of the first people to re-enter the city and helf the injured after the bomb. Pan down on rebuilt Methodist church in Hiroshima from spire down to street level corner and traffic.
Shot from behind, a woman is seen opening door and entering building - Tazu Shibama, an English teacher in Hiroshima for thirty years, who miraculously survived the blast. Large round sign on the wall with pieces missing "English" written in the middle. Shibama seated at head of conference table with students. Close up on faces of adorable Japanese students.
Tilt up on home in Hiroshima, Japanese address sign jutting out, pan down to front of home. Shibama standing out front talking with unseen reporter about what happened on the day of the blast. She describes eating breakfast in her dining room and there came a yellow flash. She states she didn't know what happened, but she found herself the next moment buried in darkness. "I sat in the darkness thinking a bomb hit my house and I was there to die..."
Rihei Numata seated on a dock along the River talking with unseen interviewer, points out where he was (on his boat) and what happened when the blast hit. He also describes a flash in the sky over Hiroshima and didn't know what it was. He states after a few seconds they heard a huge noise and the boat leaned over 20 degrees to the left.
Father Kleinshorg points to where he was that day, and states he only remembers lightning and nothing else.
Rev Tanimoto speaking with an unseen interviewer describes a huge flash of light. He took a few steps into his garden and felt a strong gust of wind, roof tile fell upon him. He saw the house behind him destroyed. He helped some injured people, but still didn't know what happened because he heard nothing, no sign of a plane nor a blast..
INSERT CONTINUING INTERVIEW WITH TAZU SHIBAMA, FATHER WILLIAM KLEINSHORG(sp?), REV TANIMOTO, AND RIHEI NUMATA.
Tazu Shibama 7:21
I sat in the darkness, thinking a bomb hit on my house, and I was there to die. But I did not die. Because I found somebody buried in the same place where I was. Mr. Mihara, our next door neighbor, who was standing in his garden, about 50 yards away, was blown off from his place and buried in the same place where I was. Mr. Mihara was strong enough to make his way out and found me there sitting and he helped me out.
Rihei Numata 8:17
Meanwhile, throughout the Hiroshima is about 50 miles from here on here. There was smoke coming up all over the city. But in half an hour, that smoke raised about 15,000 feet high was about what do you call a mushroom shape.
Father William Kleinshorg 8:46
I never saw a fire bombed in my life and therefore I thought it was a fire bomb who just went down of our house. It was very late in the afternoon that we heard it was an extraordinary moment even that nobody knew it was a atomic bomb.
Reverend Tanimoto 9:10
I dash into Street to give back to the church and encountered along on the seasonless line of escapees trying to say they were completely naked, no clothes, no hair, skin from faces, arms, breast peeling off and hanging loose. Yet without any expression of the emotion in deep silence. They were escaping. I thought it was a possession of God.
Tazu Shibama 9:45
Mr. Mihara hurried back to his house, which was also blown down to pieces. He worked very hard to dig his family out, but in vain all of his family had to die. And the Mr Mihara lived in that town too long that he too had to die because of blood disease.
Father William Kleinshorg 10:14
Then I was looking for people who survived. And the first I looked was our cook. And she was crying. Jesus have pity on us. And I saw, she said still living. And then the next was Father LaSalle, who came out bloody, bloody, and then Father Tislic he was so very badly hit. And then we started to take things out of the house as much as possible and to save some peoples who were under the debris. But we could only say five or something. And then the fire was so near that we had to leave the place.
Rihei Numata 11:13
We stayed out and waited until all the fires done. That takes about two three hours are the fires done and in that moment, we saw a rain force. It's very peculiar that we have the black rain force. That rains lasted about half an hour. That's a big drops black rains. And after the rains overwe tried to go the northern part of our city, we call that a training ground for the army. So we are easier to go in inside in the center of the city. But as you go, you see 100,000 of the dead bodies of some of dying on the ground by the rivers, because that was the fire so hot they all jumped in the rivers to escape from the from the fires. So this was an what do you call hell on earth.
Reverend Tanimoto 12:25
On that evening I landed on the bank of the river and there were many seriously injured people lying on the ground. And they asked for water. I passed a cup of water from one to another. They were burned. whole body burned and swollen twice large and no one could be told from others. They couldn't drink water. While they are lying on the ground will not trouble. They raised their upper body and accepted a cup of water and drink it. After they drink water. They returned the cup with a most speciall expression of thanks. I was so deeply moved. Now, I will thoroughly exhausted I couldn't move any farther or lie down on the ground to sleep, but I couldn't sleep at all. Next morning I found many people already dead. But it was quiet on the bank of river whole night. Of course they had a tremendous pain, but they overcome another dreadful their body was destroyed. They had a burning spirit. The burn could not destroy the heart of a human being.
WS the Nagasake Mushroom Cloud - The 2nd nuclear blast over Nagasaki. Narrator states it was then that Japan surrendered.
Aerial view of destruction after the blast, people in the roadway, riding bikes and walking over bridge, destroyed building leaning over, Atomic bomb field of destruction with burned trees and debris
INSERT INTERVIEW - REVEREND TANIMOTO
Reverend Tanimoto 14:07
It was the voice of emperor they stood straight and the body of him. We couldn't understand what he was saying because, you know, we, somebody disturbed his broadcast. But overall, we found it was a broadcast by Emperor saying we stopped we finished the war we suffered a war this is war. So the people there wept with deep disappointment.
Reverend Tanimoto, close up, talking with unseen interviewer about the broadcast after the blast made by the Emperor of Japan.
Disturbing aerial images of the destruction in Hiroshima after the atomic bomb. Bombed out buildings and fields. Narrator gives statistics of the destruction - Bomb was equivalent to 20,000 Tons of TNT, 97% of all structures within a 2 mile radius destroyed totally, over 78,000 deaths plus more from radiation sickness.
Photo still Hiroshima after blast and the busy city 20 years later, after reconstruction. Narrator states population swelled 20% higher than before the war.
Shots of rebuilt Hiroshima - traffic, cars driving over bridge, landscape view.
Mr. Agora assistant to the Mayor of Hiroshima discusses with unseen interviewer why people came back to Hiroshima and what motivated newcomers to come
Aerial view of Hiroshima, coastline along the edge of the Seto Inland Sea, low mountain range in background.
Grainy faded footage
Foggy ws of the beautiful ancient Hiroshima Castle.
Narrator unseen points out that in the city below it, there is nothing more than 20 years old.
Commercial ship in the waters along the coastline.
Interior automobile factory - large engine on hoist.
WS downtown Hiroshima featuring wide streets, trolley, peds, some traffic and tall buildings
Footage a bit faded
Var shots around Hiroshima with Tazu Shibama narrating about the way of life in the old city: WS landscape view of the city along the river, bridge over river, children playing along the shoreline, throwing rocks, floating boats, playing in the sand.
Toy boat floating sideways in water.
Japanese woman hanging clothes on clothesline. Primitive village huts, clotheslines, sandbags. Shibama unseen narrates - this was all burned to ashes.
WS down wide street in Hiroshima, people on bikes, some cars, peds, storefronts and signs.
Large dome structure, trees and grass. Man with watering can watering several potted plants. Shibaba narrating states they were told at first that nothing would live and grow for 75 years becuase of the radiation, so they were surprised to find trees and plants growing back the following spring.
Aerial looking out over the roof lines of buildings.
Asian boy looking through large telescope over Hiroshima.
Aerial pan across city, coastline along river, bridge and mountains in bkgd (barely seen due to fog or fading of footage)
Outdoor market hustle bustle - Narrator states there were 90,000 survivors of the atomic bomb
Wooden signs - written in Japanese
Ext. the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission building. The ABCC.
Man in file room. Long row of metal filing cabinets on one wall. Open shelves to the ceiling filled with files. Ladder.
Hand opening filing cabinet - hands flipping through the files inside. File in front labeled "Deceased"
CU Asian girl looking into microscope
Hand on manual keyboard
Asian girl looking into microscope with hand on manual keyboard
Man standing at data processing machine. Data cards quickly coming out of machine.
Asian man at desk, room full of data processing equipment.
Dr. Antonio Ciocco, head of statistical studies for the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission speaking with unseen interviewer about the long term effects of radiation upon man.
INSERT INTERVIEW - DR. ANTONIO CIOCCO
Dr. Antonio Ciocco 20:13
younger individuals, that is individuals who were younger at the time of the bomb have been more greatly affected, than those who are not, then the older individuals. Second, that leukemia has occurred more often among the, those exposed to the bomb at a closer range than those than the others and to the others, leukemia. The frequency has been such that the rate perhaps of leukemia is is about, oh, 11-15 times that of the that among the individuals who are close to the bomb has is about 11-15 times that of the others. But here, I think a point should be kept in mind, we're dealing with rare events. For example, they are told up to 1962, we had about 23 deaths from leukemia among the youngsters that is among youngsters, 0-19 years of age, at the time in the bomb. And we would have expected about two perhaps or three, if they had followed the normal incidence, rather the incidents that we usually find in a population like Japan, we think we're beginning to see some evidence of cancer may occur with a greater frequency among the survivors. Cancer of the thyroid in particular seems to be something that is coming up now. with greater frequency, then we saw before, remember, we're talking about the years lived between 1950 and let's say 1964. Well, in that span, perhaps the life of those who were closer to the bomb has been shortened by about one year. In contrast to those who are further away from the bomb.
Asian family, mother, father, two adorable children sitting on the ground at a park enjoying family picnic . Unseen narrator speaking about genetic abnormalities from radiation - the greatest concern of the Japanese people.
WS steps leading up to a city park in Hiroshima, large arch in bkgd., people walkiong about, sitting on the steps taking photos.
Pan down from top ext. of Hiroshima's Red Cross Hospital to front entrance. WS of the hospital. Narrator unseen giving statistics of hospitalizations and deaths, and states there is no way of knowing if any of the deaths related to atomic exposure, however, there are statistics that indicate a relationship.
CU on paper reads, Acute Leucemia. papers with writing in Japanese
Dr. Fumio Shigeto, Director of Hiroshima's Red Cross Hospital at desk reading over paperwork.
Dr. Shigeto examining a female patient. He looks at her back and skin and analyzes her condition. Another patient lying in bed being examined by Dr Shigeto. A third young female patient with very long black hair sitting on a chair as Dr. Shigeto talks about her condition. Lastly another female patient lying in bed.
A paper crane mobile hanging down.
Pan down from a beautiful monument to the children of the A-Bomb in Hiroshima's Peace Park to reveal thousands of paper crane mobiles at the bottom. People gathered around looking at the cranes, a special symbol in Hiroshima. Narrator unseen explaining the story behind the cranes.
WS hundreds of people walking around in the Peace Park. People gathering and entering the park for memorial services. People taking pictures.
WS ext. The Peace Museum at entrance to park. Asian folk getting off tour bus. Front entrance to museum, Japanese letters, and english read: Hiroshima (obscured) Peace Memorial.
Large sign ion wall at museum reads: Unfortunately, the first practical use of the atomic energy as as an atomic bomb which was dropped on this city, "Hiroshima"
Inside the museum, a sculpture of the "mushroom cloud", very graphic photo stills on the walls of the victims and their horrific injuries. People walking about the museum observing the exhibits
NET Moderator Andrew Stern speaking with American visitors outside the museum about their feelings on what they saw.
Large group of Japanese school children leaving the museum in the rain, holding umbrellas and plastic over their heads.
American woman living in Hiroshima, Barbara Reynolds, Activist and Founder of Hiroshima's Friendship Center walking toward camera entering building, large sign reads in English, "Friendship Center" and in Japanese.
INTERVIEW INSERT WITH BARBARA REYNOLDS
Barbara Reynolds 32:04
I'm working with a group of people here to form a friendship centre, what we are hoping we can dedicate as a world friendship center in August, which will be we hope, a new way of working for peace through cooperation through understanding through trying to have a place where all of the people who come from different countries with different ideas can get together and lay their pieces of truth on the table and try to find out where these pieces fit into the whole picture. And gradually make Hiroshima a more internationally minded center. And also a more concerned place where people try to help each other. One of the things that is so unfortunate is that many people who come here, bring their own preconception and find only those things which reinforce it. Russians will come here and Communists will come here and they'll use it for anti American propaganda. They'll try to exaggerate perhaps the problems that still exist. The Chinese Communist of course will use it to point out who is the enemy of peace. The people from Malaysia and East Asia will say, Well, why do you worry about Hiroshima? Look what they did to us. The Japanese themselves often say that the people in Hiroshima should stop whining and complaining because they didn't suffer any more than people in Tokyo and other parts of Japan. And of course, many Americans will rather close their minds to it not wanting to really examine it. And they say, Well, what about Pearl Harbor? And they don't wish to consider was the beginning of it that Pearl Harbor was an act of violence and that this act of violence built into more violence, and that eventually it led to Hiroshima.
INTERVIEW INSERT: MARVIN TACK, AMERICAN SOCIAL WORKER IN HIROSHIMA
Marvin Tack 34:16
I was uneasy that somehow I was responsible for the thing that happened to the city. And though I haven't changed in that, I suppose there is somewhat a feeling of guilty than now yet. I don't feel that so strongly. I think I've learned that maybe from from Hiroshima. I've met many Americans who have come in a few days, a few hours during the city. It's a feeling sort of an uncanny feeling of I caused this is so on. I think it's shallow thinking maybe but I think as you get into the surgery and to know what the city is thinking, I think you broaden out to realize there's something more basic here than putting guilt on one party or receiving guilt as an individual nation or person. The thing about this city that has impressed me is the working with the hibakusha. The survivors themselves this the, the feeling of mutual repentance and mutual forgiveness. So I've gone from emphasizing and thinking about the guilt and what have happened 20 years ago, and learn from my Japanese friends to some extent that we are all involved in that. What happened, then is not only our guilt or his guilt, but it's everybody's guilt. And in other words, I think my feeling now is I should concentrate on the present day situation.
WS group of people seated on folding chairs in the woods. Narrator unseen explains about Marvin Tack's counseling of young people in industry, they discuss business issues which are as real in Hiroshima as they are throughout Japan.
Int. Japanese automobile assembly line, Mazda auto factory, workers examining cars on assembly lines, working on data in office.
WS down wide street in Hiroshima, trolley tracks, busses, cars, scooters, peds crossing streets, tall buildings, mountains in bkgd.
Another street downtwon Hiroshima, retail storefronts, trucks, bicycles. People window shopping. People and children in city park, couple on park bench.
Pan out on a slum along the banks of the Ota River, makeshift rundown wooden shacks close together are seen against backdrop of tall buildings in downtown area.
Pan in on man walking along the slum area along the Ota River and climbing the stairs up leading to his shack. Unseen narrator tells his story. A successful man with his own small business till the bomb hit destroying everything including his home and leaving him with radiation disease, and eventually giving up hope and living in a slum.
Adorable Japanese female child leaning against wooden post and holding stuffed doll, looking vacant or forlorn.
Woman hanging clothes on outdoor clothesline.
Japanese children playing along the coastline of the Ota River. Wooden shacks along the shore are seen.
Var shots of the damaged wooden shack dwellings (still standing) people fled to after the bomb and lifestyle shots in the slums.
Elderly Japanese woman walking through alley toward camera. With narration (unseen) explaining about her injuries after the bomb and constant pain. Woman hanging blankets on clothesline. Lifestyle shots.
WS narrow alley in slum area, wooden huts on either side, clothes hanging on clothesline. Z'in to close up older Korean woman kneeling next to adorable male Korean child.
Shot from behind. Group of school kids walking through alley with their backpacks, on their way to school.
Outdoor fresh market in Hiroshima - blurry footage
Var lifestyle stories of 20 year survivors of the blast. Young pretty Japanese woman lighting a man's cigarette at a bar - entertaining men with conversation; a female hairdresser with terrible facial scars - shots of her in cutting client's hair in her beauty salon.
Pan Hiroshima Peace Park - hazy footage - gathering of folk for Annual Memorial Ceremony on August 6th. People sitting on the grass, holding signs, smoke coming out of large pot, people praying and placing flowers.
Crowd of peace delegations in the stands at Hiroshima's Baseball Stadium. Officials shaking hands, official holding up paper as people in stands cheer.
Group of college students, holding flags, peacefully demonstrating
Packed stadium with shots of officials seated near podium.
INSERT INTERVIEW - UNITED STATES AMBASSADOR TO JAPAN, EDWIN REISCHAUER WITH NET MODERATOR ANDREW STERN
Edwin Reischauer 42:53
I don't think it's basically changed anything. It's just strengthen various tendencies that were there anyhow. Ever since the war, the Japanese have had a very great revulsion for war, a strong tendency towards pacifism. And I think the atomic experience has strengthened both of these and added a very special overtone of sensitivity to anything atomic.
Do you feel that because the Chinese have had a nuclear device now for almost a year, but Japanese thinking about this problem is going to change any
Edwin Reischauer 43:26
well over the long run in May. To date, I don't think it has very greatly. A certain number of Japanese are beginning to think more realistically about the specific problem of defense in a nuclear age. It's a sort of thing with the Japanese, with their pacifism and neutralism shying away from over the last 20 years. And a few Japanese are beginning to honestly face this sort of problem. But it isn't most Japanese by any means.
Why is this been so?
Edwin Reischauer 43:55
Well, I think perhaps it was partly a result of the great shock of the war and its aftermath. American occupation, in the sense took Japan out of the world or reality for a while. The Japanese turned inward very, very much. I think over the last 20 years I've just attended to take for granted the American role of stabilizing things in this part of the world giving peace and security without thinking about how this was achieved. And the Japanese themselves but not had to worry too much about the problems of defense and peace and so on.
What about some of the demonstrations here against military bases against atomic submarines?
Edwin Reischauer 44:36
Well, by just avoiding thinking about these problems of how one maintains peace, one can very easily in Japan concentrate on the undesirable aspects of a foreign military being in Japan. Think the Japanese can accept American defense to a certain extent, and at the same time protest against the presence of American troops very easily. They seem contradictory to us. But I think they just have to understand that contradiction to understand what exists in Japan.
When is this something fairly typical in terms of postwar Japanese thinking?
Edwin Reischauer 45:12
Well, of course, there was nothing like that in the pre war world in Japan, Japan was very militaristic country, and she swung from an extreme of militarism to an extreme of pacifism.
INSERT INTERVIEW - KASUSHIGE HIRASAWA, EDITOR OF JAPAN TIMES
Kasushige Hirasawa 45:30
Well, it has influenced the Japanese way of thinking so deeply. So they are so firmly resolved for the peace at any price, I should say rather. And that is a pacifism, Japanese people, something like kind of religious pacifism. Like Quaker, it is kind of pacifism, like, Gandhi used to advocate. But it was based on the pure, simple, but pure way of thinking. After they suffered so much about Hiroshima, and Nagasaki, the shock was so great. They still haven't got rid of that shock yet.
Do you feel that one day, Japan will have to be part of the nuclear club.
Kasushige Hirasawa 46:29
I'm 56 years old. Now. As long as I am active, say 10 years, I will be against to have to see Japan having a new nuclear weapon. And if we decide to have it, we can do it. As long as technology is concerned, we are capable. But we feel there must be at least one country who are capable of producing nuclear weapon still advocating against having a nuclear weapon.
Var shots Japanese people shopping in open air markets.
Three Japanese citizens talking with unseen interviewer give their opinions explaining the lack of outward bitterness toward Americans.
INSERT INTERVIEW: JUN ETO, A LEADING JAPANESE LITERARY CRITIC
Jun Eto 49:29
You have to be a kind of psychiatrist in analyzing this kind of touchy problem. And as most of the Japanese are Buddhist, we are taught from the childhood from the early childhood that to hate other people quite wrong. And on top of that the disaster in Hiroshima is was more like a natural disaster than disaster called caused by human enemy. That may be the reason why they don't express any conscious bitterness against Americans. But still, you can penetrate into the, into the deep hidden part of the human subconsciousness. In my personal opinion, various Japanese Peace Movement is more or less connected with some kind of subtle, conscious bitterness against the Americans. And, of course, this subconscious resentment against the our closest ally is no risk relative to the experience we had in Hiroshima in 1945. That's a time of course, the people, the Hiroshima city were physically hit by a bomb. And not only the Hiroshima people, but people are traveling Japan, psychologically, and possibly spiritually hit by these same experiences. And this is something very difficult to communicate to those who haven't suffered from this particular tragedy. And I personally don't quite like to talk about in public. That's a fact that they prefer whispering around about the A Bomb issue to or making noise in public. I'm speaking of the Japanese people in general, not speaking about the Leftist peaceful, and so forth. But this fact, means that the experience of a bomb is so deep rooted in the mind of Japanese people,
Young Asian schoolchildren holding umbrellas and walking in the rain.
American, Barbara Reynolds, talking with unseen interviewer about the anxiety and fears of the Japanese for their children's health. They live in fear of leukemia and genetic issues stemming from the radiation.
Talking head speaking with unseen interviewer about children afflicted with issues stemming from radiation.
WS two rows of empty canoes perfectly lined up in the water along shore, a dock house on the sand nearby. Pan up revealing the bombed out "Atomic Dome" - the only structure left standing after the blast.
Father Kleinshorg and other talking heads giving their opinions about taking down the "Dome" and replacing it with a building housing the Chamber of Commerce.
WSs and CUs - The Atomic Dome - last remaining building after the blast.
END REEL. HIROSHIMA
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